The City of Fremont has two major pavement projects doing work throughout the city every year. They include the Pavement Rehabilitation Project and the Cape & Slurry Seal Project. The decision to do work on specific streets in a given year involves several steps and consideration of a number of factors.
The first step examines the condition of all pavements on every local road within the city. Based on the Pavement Condition Index (PCI) scores of each street (explained further below), each segment can be classified as being in good, fair, or poor condition.
The objective of pavement maintenance is to preserve streets in good condition, improve streets in fair condition, and rehabilitate streets in poor condition. There are different construction methods that can be applied to streets depending on their condition. Light maintenance treatments to the surface of pavements (such as a slurry seal) can help preserve and improve pavements in fair or good condition. Removal and replacement of asphalt pavements is an example of a rehabilitation effort that is often done for streets in poor condition.
After the conditions of the streets are known, the work needed on every street is estimated. The costs of performing the pavement work and the available funding resources are then compared to determine how much work can be done in a given year. The selection of which streets will be scheduled for repairs takes into consideration the following factors:
- The volume of traffic: Streets receiving a high volume of traffic serving many motorists are considered a higher priority over those receiving lighter traffic.
- Conflicts with other projects: If there are private developers or utilities planning to excavate into the roadway, pavement work on those streets will be deferred for a later time.
- Alignment with bikeway priorities: Streets where modified bikeway striping is proposed receive greater consideration for earlier pavement treatments.
- Eligibility for outside funding: Streets with a high level of needs that are eligible for sizeable outside funding sources can require a lengthy application process that could determine the timing when work can commence.
- Geographic fairness: To the extent possible, pavement work is distributed as broadly and as evenly as possible over the entire geographic area of Fremont.
- Community feedback: Community feedback is something that can be considered to when choosing between several streets with similar conditions and repair needs.